Pseudocoarctation of the Aorta

 

General Considerations

  • Congenital and relatively rare
  • Elongated and redundant descending aorta with kinking or buckling of the aorta distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery
  • No obstruction
  • Pressure gradient of less than 30 mmHg
  • No rib notching
  • May be caused by an abnormally long descending aorta

Clinical Findings

  • Asymptomatic

Imaging Findings

  • Junction of arch and descending aorta just past ductus
  • May demonstrate "Figure 3 sign"
  • Since there is no collateral flow needed, there is no rib notching

Differential Diagnosis

  • True adult coarctation of the aorta
    • Pressure differences and rib notching
  • Cervical aortic arch
    • Usually descends on the side opposite the arch

Treatment

  • No specific treatment for the pseudocoarctation

Complications

  • Associated with bicuspid aortic valve, aortic stenosis and insufficiency, PDA, VSD and corrected transposition

 

 

 

 

Pseudocoarctation

Sagittal CT of aorta

Pseudocoarctation



Pseudocoarctation. Sagittal contrast-enhanced CT (above) shows kinking of aorta (white arrow)
that produces a picture similar to coarctation without the significant pressure gradient seen in a true coarctation.
A surface rendered 3D image below shows the same abnormality.
For these same photos without the arrows, click here and here

For more information, click on the link if you see this icon

       

Pseudocoarctation of the aorta. Bluemke DA. Cardiology Journal. Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 205.206, 2007.